29 March, 2014

Fourth Sunday of Lent 2014

Fourth Sunday in Lent A 

30 March 2014

José Enrique Ruiz de Galaretta S.J.



This text of the First book of Samuel
Falls within the tradition of the divine choice of the least worthy in the eyes of men. The problem is to find a new king, for Saul has proved himself unworthy and has been rejected by the Lord. The prophet Samuel is searching for the one chosen by God, who happens to be the last, the least appreciated of all. God’s choice is never made by taking into account the merits of the man. This is a theme constantly found in Scripture. Paul will develop this theme at length in the first chapter of the first letter to the Corinthians.


The theme of light is developed. Before you were darkness, now you are light. The text develops a beautiful symbolism: you were darkness, your works were works of blind people, they were sterile. The light exposes what is sterile, unclean. Now you are enlightened by the light of Christ. Earlier you were asleep, now you have awakened to the light.

This is the second of the great “SIGNS” of the Gospel of John brought together in these Sundays of Lent. Last Sunday the sign was Water. Today it is light. Not only the light that shines in the sky, the sun, but the light that is born in man, which draws one out of darkness. Let us pause to analyze the story of John.

1. We are dealing with a story of an event that took place, made use of by the evangelist for catechetical purposes. Jesus cured blind people (Mark 8 & 10, Luke 11 & 18, Matthew 9,12,15,20,21). This is one of the stories, the only story of a blind man recorded by John. The healing is briefly told. John, with a perfect sense of drama, uses this healing to show the progression of the men of good will towards the light, which is to accept Jesus, and the regression of the “just”, who are increasingly plunged into their blindness, preferring their own ideas on God, to the Word itself.

2. Above all, the miracle takes the form of a sign. On the whole, it shows Jesus as a prophet, confirmed by the signs. Together with this they are concrete signs: Jesus is light, and the healing with water. They are symbols of baptism. This story was used in the primitive Church in the preparation and the scrutinizes before baptism, and baptism itself was presented as enlightenment, getting out of darkness to come to the light of Christ, who is life and fertility. There is a beautiful phrase of Saint Augustine: “This bind man stands for the human race. If blindness is the lack of faith, enlightenment is faith..(The blind man) washes his eyes in the pool of Siloe, which means “The One Sent”: that is, he receives the light of Christ.”

3. The story is placed in the usual dynamics of John, of opposition of pharisaic “orthodoxy” to Jesus. Jesus is considered a sinner, because he breaks the Sabbath rest. Hence he cannot come from God. So then this is a  story in which Jesus “provokes” legality. There was no immediate need for a cure. Hence the story is written from the perspective of the Passion and of the Cross, as the height of the blindness caused by the darkness that rejects the light.

In the story there is an allusion to the threat that those who follow Jesus would be expelled from the synagogue. Beside the fact that this would help us to date the text during or shortly after the official expulsion of Jewish Christians (around the year 90), there is included here the extension of the persecution to the followers of Jesus.(“If they have done it to me...you too.” “A time is coming when anyone who persecutes you will believe he is giving glory to God.”  “Happy are those who suffer persecution for justice...”).

4. All this shows us one of the fundamental core ideas of the Gospel of John. Jesus is not rejected only – nor chiefly- by “the world”, that is, by worldly ways of living. There is a still more disquieting rejection on the part of religious people, “the just”. Jesus is received with delight by “sinners”, those who are conscious of their insufficiency, those who know they are sinners, those who are looking to be freed by God from their condition of sinners, a  burden to them, and from which they cannot free themselves. Jesus is regarded with suspicion and finally rejected by those who thought of themselves as just, those who fulfilled the law. And it is true, they did fulfill it. But they are blind: they do not know that they do not have any merit, and what they have is a gift of God for them to help their brethren, and nevertheless they have made of their “virtue” a reason for arrogance and believe that God is in debt to them, unlike their sinful brethren. This leads us to the theme of the parable of the Pharisee and the Publican, of which we spoke in the thirtieth Sunday in Ordinary Time.


God is Water for the journey through the desert. God is Light to help us walk without stumbling. We are continuing on the wonderful world of symbols with which the Bible and the Gospels speak to us – so marvelously – of God. The symbol of light comes from the beginning, from the book of Genesis. The first word of God that appears in the Bible is :God is light and order. With God reality can be seen; without God, all is darkness and chaos. Exodus continues to make use of the symbol: God guides the people, like a pillar of fire. And it goes on being developed in the Prophets, especially in Isaiah: “The people who walked in the darkness saw a great light.” “Arise, Jerusalem, for your light is coming.” John takes up this thread from the prologue to his Gospel.

In him was life, and that life was the light of men. 
The light shines in the darkness,
 but the darkness has not understood  it.

The true light that gives light to every man
was coming into the world.
He was in the world,
 and though the world was made through him,
the world did not recognize him. 
He came to that which was his own,
 but his own did not receive him.  

This is the drama that makes up the inner train of thought of the Gospel of John. Jesus, the light of God which shines in the darkness, and men close themselves to the light, in an inexplicable mystery.

This theme supposes a deeper entry
Into the theme of sin and God. God is light, but we shut ourselves off from the light, and that is the essence of sin.


Quite often we understand God as someone added on to reality, as if there existed things, events, the ordinary tasks of our lives  and...besides, religion, the faith, God. It’s all the other way around: there exists one Reality, and we are in it in the dark, trying to grasp it only with our senses and our reason. And with them we  see very little, we  proceed blindly, we stumble, we lose our way. God is the light that helps us not to live blindly. With God we understand things, life, work, death...

All this clarifies still more the notion of “sin” in the Gospel: a blunder for lack of light. We have insisted too much on judicial aspects of sin: obedience, guilt. And too little in factual objective aspects: disorientation, error, stumbling for lack of light. We have insisted too much on the condition of freedom of the human being: I am able to choose and when I choose apart from God, against the law of God, I do so by exercising my freedom in a culpable manner. The Gospel does not consider us free, responsible persons, but slaves of sin: and God does not judge free and responsible persons, but helps blind slaves, to see better and free themselves from their chains.

Gospel means GOOD NEWS PRECISELY FOR THIS REASON: It brings us light to live properly, it informs us about who God is, it frees us from that judicial stance, brings light about God and about the human being: a wonderful news: we can see, we can journey, and God is our light.


This second theme of the  reading of the man born blind is  more moving and chilling. Enclosed in the cave of the world, in the dark subterranean labyrinth of making sense of life, the light of Jesus shines out, and everything is illumined with joy and hope...but some shut their eyes, return to the shadows, reject the light...And these are not “the  sinners” but the “just”. It is the most dramatic argument of the Gospels, when John says that “the darkness did not receive him”, he came to his own and his own did not receive him.”

Why did they not receive him? It is quite clear historically: Jesus does not fulfill messianic expectations , does not promote political liberation, he is not interested in having Jerusalem made the centre of the world, he does not back the interests of the priestly class...Politically and economically speaking, Jesus is of no use to them.

 To go deeper along this line of thought, Jesus strips religious leaders of all power. Leaders are there to serve; pastors have no purpose beyond seeing to it that the herd of sheep live well; there are no sacred intermediaries between God and the heart of man. It is the very idea of religion that is at stake. The leaders of Israel saw very clearly that Jesus was a most serious danger. The temple loses leadership, Jerusalem will not be a holy city, the priest will not control the mysteries... It’s inevitable that they will reject Jesus, understandable that they will do away with him from their midst.

  Going a little deeper into this attitude, we see that it comes from the fact that they have taken possession of the Word of God for their own benefit. They have put God at their service: God is used so that the people of Israel can be greater than other nations, that the priests can be greater than the faithful, so that the learned control the faith of the people. They have taken possession of God for their own benefit. And when the light of God is shone on them they appear naked and filthy... There are only two options: wash themselves in the new Water, use the light to change...or block the light, try to stamp it out... or try again to gain possession of it and confine it to again make use of it.

In the crude language  of the recently cured blind man an unbearable light shines for the leaders, the priests and the learned: they have no option but to expel him from the synagogue...and to persecute Jesus. The discussion of Jesus with them is dramatic. It is reflected at the end of this gospel: Jesus said: For this I came into the world so that those who do not see, see; and those who see remain blind.”

The Pharisees who were with him heard this and asked him: “Are we too also blind?” Jesus answered: If you weren’t blind, you would not have sin; but, since you say you see, your sin remains.”


1. Let us read the story of John, very slowly, savoring each detail. As we read it see the hand of John as he tells it to us. John was there, he saw the healing. John sees and believes. And he transmits faith relating what he saw and believed. Read the Gospel with the eyes of John, believing in Jesus, accepting the challenge of believing in Him, ready to accept the Light even though it hurts the darkness in us. John has understood that Jesus breaks the Law, which is “something else”. Contemplate in Jesus the effort of the love of God to save. Renew faith in Him, accept him as the light of life. Accept that God is like what Jesus shows him to be. Make an act of trust in God, my Savior.

We make ourselves present at the scene, we mix with the people, we join one of the groups. Which one? Do I feel relieved, enthusiastic about what Jesus does and says? Do I feel frightened, tempted to reject him, as if the light of Jesus were a danger to the kind of life I lead?

2. The Salt of the earth, the light of the world... that’s you all: let them see your deeds and recognize the Father. A wonderful summary of the meaning of our lives: to make the Kingdom shine out, that it should be clearly seen  and attractive. In our own lives we have enjoyed the company of people who have given us much light. It is our vocation. It is not what we say but what we do that can give a little light to this society.

3. During these days the assassination of Bishop Oscar Romero completes thirty years, which was celebrated with champagne the day he died. His assassins still rule the very country they continue to crucify. They are an existing example of the fierce resistance of the darkness to the light:”they preferred the darkness for their works were evil.”

Neither the assassination of Romero nor that of Ellacuria and his companions, men and women, nor of so many others has been officially recognized as martyrdom, but it doesn’t matter: the spiritual sense of the people of God has canonized them. They did so while they lived and they continue to do it. They do not need to tell us from above what light is and what darkness is all about. Thank God, we have eyes.

The Lord is my Light and my Salvation, whom shall I fear.
The psalmist expresses faith in God, Way and Word, and in symbols appropriate to his times points out the dangers of life, his trust in God and his longing for Him. 

22 March, 2014

3rd Sunday of Lent - Pagola/ Vally D'Souza sj

Third Sunday in Lent (A) 23 March 2014

At ease with God

José Antonio Pagola

 It’s a charming scene. Tired from the journey, Jesus is sitting at the well of Jacob. Soon a woman arrives to  draw water. She belongs to a semi-pagan people, despised by the Jews. Quite spontaneously Jesus begins to talk to her. He is incapable of despising anyone. Rather, he pleads with great tenderness: “Woman, may I have some water.”

   The woman is surprised. How dare he make contact with a Samaritan! How does he stoop to speak to an unknown woman? The next words of Jesus will surprise her still more: “If you knew the gift of God and who it is that asks you for a drink, you would have asked him and he would have given you living water.”

   There are many people who, through all these years, have  been distancing themselves from God, without noticing what was really happening in their hearts. Today God happens to be a stranger to them. Everything to do with him seems empty and meaningless to them: a childish world ever more remote.

   I understand them. I know exactly how they feel. I, too, have gone on slowly distancing myself from that “God of my childhood”, who awakened in me so many fears, discomfort and unease. Probably, without Jesus I would never have found a God who today is for me a Mystery of goodness: a friendly, welcoming presence in whom I can always confide.

   I have never felt drawn to the task of verifying my faith with scientific proofs: I think it is a mistake to treat the mystery of God as if it were a task needed to be proved in a laboratory. Neither have religious dogmas helped me to find God. I have quite simply allowed myself to be carried by a trust in Jesus that has kept growing through the years.

   I would not be able to say exactly how my faith is sustained through a religious crisis which also shakes me up as it does everyone else. I would only say that Jesus has drawn me to live faith in God in a simple way from the depths of my being. If I listen, God does not remain silent. If I open up to him, he does not close up. If I open my heart to him, he accepts me. If I surrender to him, he sustains me. If I collapse, he raises me up.

   I  believe that the first and most important experience is to find ourselves comfortable with God because we find him a “saving presence.” When someone knows what it is to be at ease with God because, in spite of our mediocrity, mistakes and egoism, he receives us just the way we are, and encourages us to face life  peacefully, he will not easily abandon his faith. Today many people abandon God before having known him. If they had the experience of God Jesus communicates, they would seek him.

3rd Sunday Lent 2014 by Galarreta sj



EXODUS 17:3-7

José Galarreta S.J.

This fragment is one of many in which the people of Israel, journeying through the desert find themselves without water and violently protest against Moses, all the while longing for Egypt,  the land of their slavery. Moses goes before the Lord and draws water from the rock for the people. But the deepest meaning  is found in the final phrase. Israel asks:”Is the  Lord in the midst of us or not?” This is the fundamental question of the man of Faith, of one who has put his faith in God, but is always tempted to give up half way.


The message of this text, complex as are all those of Paul, is clear: the hope of the children of God is founded on Jesus, on the death of Jesus, the proof that God loves us. The relation of God with human beings is love: the love shown in Jesus. The Spirit makes Jesus, the presence of the love of God, capable of going all the way, even to death. And this fact is the foundation of our faith. If the first text ended asking: Is the Lord in our midst or not? Paul finds the answer in Jesus, in the fact that we see the presence of God in our midst.


It is one of the most beautiful and famous texts of the Gospel of John. The marvelous staging of the scene, the development of the dialogue, the many details that place the story perfectly in its setting...Far more important to us, however, is its meaning. Jesus is the living water. They may seem to be stories, they very probably narrate details that took place, but they are above all treatises of theology.

The event most likely happened, the details capture the atmosphere perfectly in all its details. Jesus’s passing through Samaria on the way to Jerusalem is not mentioned in any other gospel, but it is not impossible: the well could be that “of Jaco”, even though it’s location of Sychar has caused discussions. The text also reflects perfectly the religious position of the Samaritans with regard to the Jews.

   On this story John builds his “Theology of Living Water”. It would seem to be an invitation to speak of baptism; the text, however, has a much wider baptismal implication. Water is taken in a more biblical meaning, as appears in the Book of Exodus, exactly as we see it in the first reading today. It doesn’t mean to submerge oneself, to wash oneself, but “to “drink”. In this sense, the text throws light on baptism, because there we begin to drink the water of Jesus.

On these three Sundays of Lent (3rd, 4th, and 5th), we are going to read three narratives of the fourth Gospel. Today we read the one of the Samaritan woman, the theme of which is “the living water”. On the Fourth Sunday it is the man born blind, whose theme is “light”. The fifth Sunday is the resurrection of Lazarus, the theme of which is “Life”. The three are perfect symbols of Jesus and through him, of God.


Jesus and the Samaritan woman: a world full of surprises. Jesus is tired and thirsty, and he cannot draw water because the well is deep. Our faith is not founded on Jesus as a magician, free of getting tired and weaknesses. We will never tire of insisting too much on the fact that we believe in that man.

Jesus speaks with a woman, with a Samaritan woman, and moreover with a woman of bad repute. Even his disciples are surprised. But take into account that he is a doctor, he has come to heal, to save, he has to be where the sick are. Wonderful picture of God. Jesus is least interested in the Temple, in external acts of worship; he is interested in seeing the woman setting her life right. Jesus dreams of saving the whole world: but he needs help. This fact defines our mission: do you want to help God  to see his children live as children? Yes, that of Jesus is different.


What water is to normal life, Jesus is to human life. Jesus is Water, Jesus is the Word, Jesus is the one who gives the Spirit. Jesus is not a well where one goes occasionally to drink water. He is a fountain of the spirit: he who drinks from Jesus is a fountain. He himself feels gushing from within him/herself the water that wells out to eternal life, and does not thirst any more for any other kind of water, because Jesus quenches the thirst for all other things.

It is important we acquire the way of speaking of the Bible. We always function through concepts, and we want to comprehend reality  through them with precision and clarity. But we are speaking of God and the whole Bible and the Gospels speak of him through images. And what marvelous images they are! The major part of our organism is water. We cannot live without water. Thirst is the greatest agony. To find water in the desert is an incredible miracle. That is what God means in our lives, that is the Gospel. It would be wonderful to be able to say without being surprised, “let’s go to drink from the Gospel of Mark.”
All these symbols express very well the condition of being human, someone who needs food, light and water... to walk the road. It’s once more confirmation of the image of God Jesus gives us. We prefer using other terms: Eternal, Creator, Judge... But Jesus uses terms within our reach: water, light, life, bread, shepherd, door, doctor, father. All of them underline the same tendency: Jesus presents God as an ally, in the same terms as the most ancient Revelation. Man has to walk a road. God is his best help on the road. The Word of Jesus is the best light, water, bread for the road, God is the shepherd and the doctor. We are used to addressing God by saying “My God”. We even say:”Father”. It would be wonderful if it wouldn’t sound strange to call upon him saying: “Oh my Water!”

When the Samaritan woman understands that Jesus is offering her more than water from the well, she immediately changes over to raising customary religious problems that Jesus isn’t interested in: the Messiah, the temple of Jerusalem or the one on Garizim... But all that isn’t the water of Jesus. The water of Jesus is in that true worshipers adore in spirit and in truth. And this is not limited to saying that there must be true worship in the temple by a surrender of the spirit to God, but that there must be true worship that downplays the temple and changes all life into worship.

This “novelty of Jesus” had already been sown in the Old Testament, and Jesus himself quotes the saying of the prophet Hosea “I want mercy and not sacrifices.” But it is in Jesus that it appears most powerfully and in its most radical meaning. God is not in the temple, like a lord living in a palace. He is everywhere and above all in all his children, all human beings’; that’s where we must serve God. Temples and religious places have been for religions places to enclose gods, besides whom there are no others. Hence, for traditional religious concepts there is a difference between the sacred and the profane. With Jesus, this difference disappears, because there in nothing profane. Further still, if life is not sacred, the temple is profane, because it is useless.

A final reflection uniting the two themes we have proposed. The world needs water, it is thirsty. It is thirsty for physical water, for physical bread, for physical housing, and it is thirsty for Living Water, to know God, to know who he is, which is his home. This is the sacred space for those who follow Jesus, this is their worship, this is the Word of which they are the bearers. Too often have we thought that to take the Word to the nations is to preach religion to them. This is all a caricature, a belittling of the The Word. The Word is not our words: The Word is Jesus, a different way of living, a new way of relating to others, a new relationship to God. All this is explained in words, but is only transmitted through deeds. It’s the reason why water appears again in the last “parable”, the final judgment. In it what has value is separated from what is worthless not by what has been preached, nor by juridical belonging to the Church, but by the best of all the phrases that anyone can understand:

“Because I was thirsty and you gave me to drink.”

The fact is that Jesus changes everything: our relationship with God, the Living Water: our relationship with the others, with those with whom we have to share our Water, the very concept of religion, which is the water that makes the life of human beings fertile.


This doubt of the people of Israel is perhaps also ours. Where is your God? In a world filled with so much misery and so much evil, where is God? One needs a very strong faith to continue to speak of a God father of all, to continue to assert that he exists, that he knows what’s happening, that he loves us... Why does he continue to allow so much evil his children endure? Jesus has not explained to us the reason for this. Jesus has told us what the Father wants to do, and that he needs us to do it. Jesus has not spoken of the Creator, neither has he explained why the Father allows each one of our hairs to fall, and also allows so much evil. But certainly Jesus has told us that in this desert, the Water, the light, the salt, the bread ... is the Word of God. This is our faith. And it is not easy to communicate it. But it is a mission we have been entrusted with. To offer water in the desert. To be water in the desert. This would take us back to “you are the salt...” 

Christ is the proof of all this. Our faith in the divinity of Jesus is going to be put to the test on seeing his humanity. To see him suffer and die is a scandal. Can such a thing happen to God? “If you are the Son of God, come down from the cross.” The same thing happens to us on seeing the cross of so many crucified people on earth. It’s the strongest challenge to our faith. If, after the cross, we continue to believe in God, it’s because we know that precisely on that account he did not come down from the cross...Our faith is in a crucified Jesus, that is: we believe in the love of God, in spite of evil in the world, in spite of the desert, because we have seen Jesus give his life for us, for sinful men, simply because we need to believe in love, in spite of the fact that we see evil, hatred. Perhaps for that reason we do not have the Risen Christ as a symbol, but of Jesus crucified. Remember the perfect saying of John 3,16: “God so loved the world that he gave his only Son,” endorsed by Paul in his letter to the Romans 8,32  “God, who did not even keep back his only Son, but offered him for us all!”


The Israelites kept asking in the desert: “Is the Lord in our midst? Is  he or is he not?” It’s the fundamental question of faith? Can I trust? Is all this true? We read the story of the Samaritan woman and from our hearts the fountain of faith in Jesus flows. I can certainly trust this One. There is no Teacher like this, no Word like this, , no Religion like this. If this is who God is, this is Water for my life, this is what I can trust, put my faith in. 


1. A simple way of praying is to re-read the passage from John. Everyone of his words can lift our spirit. Repeat the reading, very slowly, stop at words, savor them, allow them to penetrate your spirit.

Jesus and the Samaritan woman. It’s a whole new world. Jesus is tired and thirsty, and he cannot draw water. This is the man we believe in. Jesus speaks to heretics, with a woman of doubtful morals, Jesus saves all he comes into touch with. Jesus does not speak of external worship nor of petty differences between forms of worship.

And how wonderfully well  Jesus handles the conversation! From the thirst of the body to the need for God, from the pseudo-religious talk on useless topics, to the most serious point of his message, the  urgent need for conversion.

2. The disciples surprise Jesus dreaming of the salvation of the world.
Jesus is dreaming of quenching the thirst of the whole world; the whole world is thirsty, the harvest is ready, and there is need of laborers for so much work. Jesus has no thirst for any of the things for which we thirst so much. Whoever drinks of the water Jesus gives no longer wants any other; whoever finds the treasure of the Kingdom no longer wants any other wealth.

Let us contemplate this scene. We are seated next to Him, and we regard the world, so full of men, women, and children, being born, needing things, suffering, dying, needing Water from God without knowing it. Dream with Jesus of the salvation of the world, in the happiness of all people. Listen to Jesus who says: Look at the fields glistening golden with the harvest. The harvest is great, but the laborers are few.

You lack one thing: come, follow me. Come with me, I will make you fishers of men.

As the Father sent me, so I send you

3. And so, we too are surprised : we speak to God to have him solve our problems and we find ourselves faced with an unexpected answer: Do you want to help me save?

4. Prayer of petition for our desert. Ask God for water for our lives. Ask the Father confidently, beginning with all our needs, knowing that He hears me, knowing that he will give it to me, making an act of faith in that he knows all that I need and that he gives me even more. And I think him.


Psalm 42-43

An exiled priest longs for his priestly duty in the temple, yearns for the House of the Lord:

As a deer longs for running streams, so my soul yearns for You, my God.

3rd Sunday of Lent 2014


March 23, 2014

Third Sunday of Lent

Daily Mass Readings - Audio

Thirst for Living Water

Jesus has spoken to us today, "My food is to do the will of Him who sent me and to complete His work." Not only was the food of Jesus to do the Divine Will of our Heavenly Father, but it was also to complete His work and to persevere to the very end. The Words of Jesus echo our present short-term perseverance. Entering the third week in Lenten Season, we are making every effort to persevere in our effort to do the will of God preparing ourselves through our fasting, penances and prayers. By the grace of God thereby we shall achieve the fullness of our discipleship so that we may be one with Jesus as He is one with the Father.

Today may be termed as the Sunday of readings on water. First Reading from the Book of Exodus was a prophetic picture of what was to come through Jesus Christ. It consists of one of the three events found in the Old Testament that speak of people thirsting for water. The first event took place in Mirah where Moses turned bitter water into sweet water. The second event, the one that was read today, took place at Rephidim. Being without water, Moses was commanded by God to take the elders with him and to strike the rock with the staff bringing water out of the rock. The third event took place at Kadesh in the Book of Numbers where once more Moses was commanded by God to assemble the congregation and to command the rock before their eyes to yield its water. As biblical history tells us, Moses struck the rock twice and disobeyed the Lord and he was punished by not allowing him to enter the Promised Land.

Today's Second Reading informs us that God's love was poured into our hearts by the power of the Holy Spirit that has been given to us through Christ. The Divine love of God assures salvation to those who are justified. Having been justified by faith, we have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ. Through peace with God, our reconciliation replaces our alienation that was caused by the disobedience of Adam. We obtained our peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ alone because "there is only one Mediator between God and humankind" in the Divine Plan of Salvation.

Today's Gospel Reading echoes the First Reading. Jesus thirsts and asks a woman of Samaria for water. After much questioning and arguments, the woman undergoes the process of conversion enabling her to carry home the living water instead of water from the well. What followed was a conversion after Jesus revealed her the hidden secrets of her sinful life.   

         Jesus further revealed to her a great mystery: "Woman, believe me, the hour is coming when you will worship the Father neither on this mountain nor in Jerusalem… But the hour is coming, and is now here, when the true worshippers will worship the Father in spirit and truth, for the Father seeks such as these to worship him. God is spirit, and those who worship him must worship in spirit and truth." Since God is Spirit the believers must worship God in "spirit and truth," that is, in the truth as taught by the Spirit who guides and teaches.

The woman returned to the city, leaving behind her water jar. For she had no more need for it because she had come to the source of living water. Once in the city, the woman invited the people to come and see Jesus who told her everything that she had done. Her words echoed the words of Philip to Nathanael, "We have found him about whom Moses in the law and also the prophets wrote." In the meantime, the disciples were urging Jesus to eat some food. To this Jesus answered, "I have food to eat that you do not know about.” It is obvious that the disciples did not understand the full meaning of what Jesus was saying. The words of Jesus summed up His entire career. He came to do the will of His Father who sent Him, even to death on the Cross. In Jesus was found perfect obedience, to the last drop of blood.

From today's readings, we are reminded that as children of God, as members of the Body of Christ, we too have been called to do the Divine Will of He who has called us to share in the life-giving Spirit through faith in Jesus and the Sacraments. As Jesus was called to complete His work, we too are called to complete our calling through our perseverance in the living faith. To persevere necessitates our ongoing reception of the Sacraments of Confession after due conversion of heart and the Holy Eucharist as the means of maintaining our righteousness before the Lord God and our intimacy and communion with Him and the entire community.

Our relationship with the Lord is the water of our lives which is essential for our well being and the source of our joy and the strength to do His Will. Without the Lord we would wither away like dried leaves in the desert and with Him we have life in abundance as the water gushing out even from the hard rock. Today’s reading gives us the messages of insufficiency of material things, implacability of human desire and the need for authentic love expressed in doing the will of God through our daily lives. The need of water is quite natural and common to everyone signifying that our role is very simple as compared to the abundance of grace we are going to receive from the Lord. Meeting Jesus and discovering him as our Savior is a gift of God. He thirsts for each and every one of us and always in search of us. Even if we fail to recognize him, he understands us and demands from us only simple things like water since his yoke is easy and burden is light. However, he opens to us the fountains of grace and vitality coming from God that wells up to life eternal.

  Dr. John Ollukaran CMI

12 March, 2014

2nd Sun Lent 2014

Dear Friend,

Though we like novelty and want to see changes around us, yet basically we are traditional and prefer to go on the way we always did. Yet, life is full of changes. Sometimes we wish we would change but often we do not believe that we can change. We give a lot of reasons why we cannot change and so we never change. Lent is about transformations made possible by faith. May His Word challenge and transform us.  With His Spirit have a transfiguring Lent weekend! –Fr. Jude

Sunday Reflections: Second Sunday of Lent    Called to be transformed …. 16-Mar-2014 

In the first reading from the Book of Genesis we have the inspiring story of the call of Abraham. At the age of seventy-five, when most aged people have  retired or are written off, Abraham sets out on a journey of faith, moving from the familiar, secure and well-ordered routine in his native place to an unknown destination, literally to ‘God knows where’!  All he can rely on is the promise of God. In obedience to God’s call he sets off.  Abraham is blessed and in turn becomes a blessing to his people. It is never too late to change, to respond to God’s call.
Transformed by love
“Picture an old lamp covered with layers of dust and dirt. How wretched and useless it looks. Then someone comes along, cleans off the layers of dirt, and polishes it until it begins to sparkle, and then lights it. Suddenly the lamp is transformed. It positively glows, radiating light and beauty to every corner of the room. Whereas prior to this it was disfigured with dust and dirt, now it is transfigured with beauty by the light. Yet, it is the same lamp. When an object (or a person) is loved and cared for, it is redeemed, and rendered brighter and worthier.”
Flor McCarthy in “New Sundays and Holy Day Liturgies”

Today’s gospel reminds us, first of all, that transformations take place in the context of prayer. Jesus led his disciples up a high mountain, where they could be alone. The mountain, in the Israelite tradition, symbolized the meeting place with God. Moses had witnessed Yahweh on the mountain and each time he encountered Him his face glowed with the presence of God. Jesus was transfigured in their presence and ‘his face shone like the sun and his clothes became as white as light.’ Secondly, Jesus appears transfigured in the context of his relationship with his Father, symbolized by the presence of the cloud and the heavenly voice. The cloud symbolized Yahweh, who in the form of a cloud accompanied the Israelites as they journeyed through the desert to the Promise Land. Thirdly, this transfiguration is not only a blessing and an affirmation for Jesus, proclaimed by the voice from heaven, “This is my Son, the beloved; He enjoys my favour. Listen to him”, but it is also a blessing for the three disciples, who are witnesses of the transfiguration. They have a privileged viewpoint on salvation history as they witness Jesus in conversation with the father-figures of the Law and the prophets, Moses and Elijah.  This vision will reassure them when they hear other voices later opposing Jesus, rejecting his mission, and seeking to destroy him.   The transfiguration would be only for a moment. But Peter wanted to capture it and prolong it and make it permanent by building tents or tabernacles to contain this experience. We too want the good experiences, the peak moments of life to last forever. We are afraid to let go and move on, we want to be in the past rather than move on to where the Lord wants us to go. But the reality is that we have to come down from the mountain.” Our transfiguration can happen in the strangest of ways when we let Jesus into our lives.

Van Gogh was not noted for his physical beauty. In fact his face was described by some as being repulsive. Yet as soon as he began to speak about art, his melancholy expression would disappear, his eyes would sparkle, and his features would make a deep impression on those around him. It wasn’t his face any longer; it had become beautiful. It seemed he was breathing in beauty.  At times all of us can feel down and depressed, a prey to feelings of failure and worthlessness. But then suddenly something nice happens to us – a friend calls, or we get a letter with some good news in it – and suddenly everything is changed. The truth of course is that nothing has changed. It is just that a spark of joy or hope or love has been kindled in our hearts, and we suddenly see ourselves in a new and better light.
Flor McCarthy in ‘New Sunday & Holy Day Liturgies’

Transfiguration –A change of attitudes?
Rabbi Abraham Twersky tells a story about his great-grandfather who was sitting with other rabbinical scholars studying the Talmud when it was decided to take a break for refreshments. One of the groups offered to pay for refreshments, but there was no one who volunteered to go for them. According to Twersky, in his book Generation to Generation, his great-grandfather said, “Just hand me the money, I have a young boy who will be glad to go.” After a rather extended period, he finally returned with the refreshments, and it became obvious to all that the rabbi himself had gone and performed the errand. Noticing their discomfort, the rabbi explained: “I didn’t mislead you at all. You see, many people outgrow their youth and become old men. I have never let the spirit of my youth depart. And as I grew older, I always took along with me that young boy I had been. It was that young boy in me that did the errand.” –Our transformation, our transfiguration begins in our change of attitude.
Gerard Fuller in ‘Stories for all Seasons’

Finding God on the mountain?
The 17th century English poet, John Donne, tells of a man searching for God. He is convinced that God lives on the top of a mountain at the end of the earth. After a journey of many days, the man arrives at the foot of the mountain and begins to climb it. At the same time God says to the angels: “What can I do to show my people how much I love them?” He decides to descend the mountain and live among the people as one of them. As the man is going up one side of the mountain, God is descending the other side. They don’t see each other because they are on opposite sides of the mountain. On reaching the summit, the man discovers an empty mountaintop. Heartbroken, the man concludes that God does not exist. Despite speculation to the contrary, God does not live on mountaintops, deserts, or at the end of the earth, or even in some heaven, - God dwells among human beings and in the person of Jesus. – Staying on the safety of the mountain is what Peter would prefer. During the transfiguration Peter and his companions got a glimpse of the future glory of Jesus’ resurrection. They want nothing more. However after they come down the mountain they are told by Jesus that the glory they witnessed would be real only after he had gone through suffering and death. We too will share in his glory, only by sharing in his suffering and death.
Simon K. in ‘The Sunday Liturgy’

Healing Solitude
One Sunday morning in summer when I was twelve, I was waiting for my friend Juanita to come over. We had planned a morning together and she was quite late. I was fretting and complaining and generally making a nuisance of myself. In fact I was becoming rather obnoxious to everyone else in the house. Finally, my father said to me, “Get a book, a blanket and an apple, and get into the car.” I wanted to know why, but he only repeated the order. So I obeyed. My father drove me about eight miles from home to a canyon area, and said, “Now get out. We cannot stand you any longer at home. You aren’t fit to live with us. Just stay out here by yourself today until you understand better how to act. I’ll come back for you this evening.” I got out, frustrated, and defiant and angry. The nerve of him! I thought immediately of walking back home; eight miles was no distance at all for me. Then the thought of meeting my father when I got there took hold, and I changed my mind. I cried and threw the book, apple and blanket over the canyon ledge. I had been dumped and I was furious. But it is hard to keep up a good rebellion cry with no audience and so finally there was nothing to do but face up to the day alone. I sat on the rim kicking up dirt and trying to get control of myself. After a couple of hours as noon approached, I began to get hungry. I located the apple and climbed down to retrieve it- as well as the book and blanket. I climbed back up and as I came over the top I noticed a tree. It was lovely and full. As I spread the blanket and began to eat the apple, I noticed a change of attitude. As I looked through the branches into the sky, a great sense of peace and beauty came upon me. I began to see my behaviour in a new light. I found myself thinking of God. It began to be prayer time; I wanted to be a better person. I just lay there in silence. By the time my father returned I was restored. I was different and he knew it.
William Bausch

May the reassurance of His transfiguration and our own encourage us to move on!

Fr. Jude Botelho

PS. The stories, incidents and anecdotes used in the reflections have been collected over the years from books as well as from sources over the net and from e-mails received. Every effort is made to acknowledge authors whenever possible. If you send in stories or illustrations I would be grateful if you could quote the source as well so that they can be acknowledged if used in these reflections.
These reflections are also available on my Web site www.NetForLife.net Thank you.

*Second Sunday of Lent (A)

*Second Sunday of Lent (A)

Matthew 17, 1 to 9


After six days Jesus took with him Peter, James and John the brother of James, and led them up a high mountain by themselves.  There he was transfigured before them. His face shone like the sun, and his clothes became as white as the light.  Just then there appeared before them Moses and Elijah, talking with Jesus. Peter said to Jesus, “Lord, it is good for us to be here. If you wish, I will put up three shelters—one for you, one for Moses and one for Elijah.” While he was still speaking, a bright cloud enveloped them, and a voice from the cloud said, “This is my Son, whom I love; with him I am well pleased. Listen to him!” When the disciples heard this, they fell facedown to the ground, terrified. 
But Jesus came and touched them. “Get up,” he said. “Don’t be afraid.”  When they looked up, they saw no one except Jesus.

As they were coming down the mountain, Jesus instructed them, “Don’t tell anyone what you have seen, until the Son of Man has been raised from the dead.” Jesus takes with him his closest disciples and leads them to a high mountain. It is not the mountain to which the tempter took him to offer him the power and glory of all the kingdoms of the world. It is the mountain on which his closest disciples are going to discover the path leading to the glory of the resurrection.

The transfigured face of Jesus shines like the sun and shows them where his true glory comes from. It does not come from the devil but from God his Father. It is not acquired by the diabolical ways of worldly power, but by the patient way of hidden service, suffering and crucifixion. Moses and Elijah appear next to Jesus. Their faces do not shine but  look subdued. They do not begin to instruct the disciples but converse with Jesus. The law and the prophets look to and are subordinate to him.

Peter however fails to sense the uniqueness of Jesus:  “If you wish, I will put up three shelters—one for you, one for Moses and one for Elijah.” He puts Jesus on the same plane as Moses and Elijah. Each one gets a shelter. He does not understand that you cannot equate Jesus with anyone.

God himself silences Peter. “He was still speaking” when between light and shadows they hear a mysterious voice: “This is my Son, whom I love”, the one with the face glorified by the resurrection. “Listen to him”, and nobody else. My Son is the only lawgiver, teacher and prophet. Do not confuse him with anyone else.

The disciples fell facedown on the ground “full of terror”’. They are afraid” to listen only to Jesus” and follow his humble way of serving the Kingdom up to the cross. It’s Jesus himself who frees them from their fears. He came to them as only he knew how to. He touched them as he used to touch the sick, and he said to them ”Get up, do not be afraid” to listen to me and to follow only me.

Even today we Christians fear to listen only to Jesus. We do not dare to place him at the centre of our lives and our communities. We do not let him be the only and decisive Word. It is the same Jesus who can free us from so many fears, cowardice, and ambiguities, if we will let him come to us, and touch us.

Two DVDs for Easter 2014

Two DVDs from Gurjarvani
1. Paskha Jagaran 2014

Readings of Easter vigil are visualized for use in the service of Easter vigil.
He muj Atam “the first response after the first reading is also part of the DVD.
There are two versions of the Easter Gospel.
1 Gujarati – taken from St John visual Bible movie, and dubbed into Gujarati.
2. Hindi – taken from Khristayan movie of Geo George SVD
Any of them cane be used for Easter vigil Gospel presentation.
Voices :
Ashok Vaghela
Pravin Dave
Ankit Arora
Raymund Chauhan
Ruhan, Evan
Thanks to Mamta Desai for directing the artists for audio dubbing.

Balidan ane Punarjeevan

This DVD contains the Passion and resurrection of Jesus taken from the movie, “The Visual Bible of St John”  and dubbed into Gujarati.
The voice track is exactly the text of the Gospel according to St John.
The first part can be used for Good Friday or both together for faith formation purposes. The second part can be used for Easter.

Pravin Dave
Ankit Arora
Raymund Chauhan
Ruhan, Evan
Thanks to Mamta Desai for directing the artists for audio dubbing.

08 March, 2014

There are women who are hungry …… feed them - Women's day

FOR WOMEN’S DAY  MARCH 8, 2014  -                     by Pearl Drego
There are women who are hungry    …… feed them
There are women who are voiceless … let them speak
There are women who are lonely, spend time with them
There are women who need sleep … stop the noise around them
There are women who are sick .. get them treated
There are women who are outcast ….  help them belong
There are women who are thirsting for skills … teach them how
There are women who are studying … support their learning
There are women who have no roof … give them shelter
There are women struggling to keep their land … give them expert legal advice
There are women who work too hard … give them a picnic
There are women who are longing for God … teach them to pray
There are women who are composing new songs … learn their music
There are women who are washing dishes … do the washing for them
There are women who are crying with grief … comfort them lovingly
There are women who are rejected and scorned …  find them a home
There are women who are tilling the soil … ensure them a livelihood
There are women who grow our vegetables … pay them their worth
There are women who are dying … hold them and accompany them
There are women who are cooking the food … give them a break
There are women who live in the prison of silence … let them shout
There are women who fight for their rights … help them to campaign
There are women who think they are no good. give them self-confidence
There are women who face daily battering … bring them to safety
There are women losing their profits …  work to change the economy
There are women facing abuse … free them permanently
There are women who reject unborn girls …  teach them to value the
life of the girl child
There are women in danger of violence … give them protection
There are women deprived of affection … hug them tenderly
There are women who are wrongly condemned … declare them innocent
There are women cooking fresh snacks … buy from them
not from the market
There are women birthing new life … give them warmest care
There are women dancing with mirth … join them with joy.

1st Sunday of Lent 2014

Dear friend,

There are some who find themselves assaulted by temptations in the circumstances they find themselves in.  There are others who court temptations and let themselves be tempted though they know the situations in which they are likely to fall. We may pray: 'Lead us not into temptations!' and yet let ourselves be tempted. However, temptations by themselves are neither good nor bad. Jesus himself was tempted and saints struggled against temptations.  It is how we handle them and grow in spite of them that makes all the difference. Let's pray that with the Spirit's power we fight against evil always! Have a Word-empowered 'combating' weekend!   Fr. Jude

Sunday Reflections:  1st Sunday of Lent - "Led by the Spirit! Fighting temptations in the desert with God's power!"  9-Mar-2014

The first reading from Genesis reminds us that Noah alone was spared during the flood. God made a promise, a covenant that man would not be destroyed by the floodwaters and the sign of his covenant was the rainbow. God is faithful to his promise and each time we see a rainbow, it should remind us of a God who is faithful to His promise. All kinds of situations test us and there are times we will falter and fail, we may be unfaithful to our God, but God will not destroy us, He is faithful to his promise, He will save us.

First Sunday of Lent A - 9 March 2014 José Galarreta S.J. c/o Vally D'Souza sj

 First Sunday of Lent A  - 9 March 2014

José Galarreta S.J.
The liturgical year is developed in three years. There is an Ordinary Time, the normal Sundays of the year, which can be up to thirty three. And two special cycles – usually called “the heavy seasons”  which are the Christmas Season and the Easter Season.

   We have just finished celebrating the Christmas season. Now, after a few intervening Sundays taken from the Ordinary Time, we enter the Paschal Season. Basically, we are always celebrating the same thing, God the Savior with us, but during Easter, we enter more deeply into the human and into the divine. The human is seen from its more disturbing dimension:”man is a sinner”. And  God seen from his most hopeful dimension: “made sin for us, obedient unto death of the cross: died, risen, and triumphant at the right hand of the Father.”

   This teaches us once more, what God is like and what the human being is like. We not only discover the love of God, the Savior, but also the possibilities and the destiny of man. Just as Jesus did, we go through the cross to the resurrection, from death to life.

The Season of Lent

The two ‘heavy’ seasons are preceded by four or five weeks of preparation. Advent prepares the Nativity with a basic theme: prepare the way of the Lord who is coming. Lent prepares Easter by symbolizing human life: we come from sin, pain, and the encounter with God fully. It is very important to situate ourselves well: it is not a matter of a season in which, so that God forgives us, we devote ourselves to do penance for sins which we do not do the rest of the year. We are dealing with a season in which we remember more intensely a fundamental constituent of human life: to accept a Savior God, to emerge from darkness and death to meet with the light and life manifested in Jesus. 

Neither do we do penance to obtain God’s forgiveness. It seems as if we were to buy the forgiveness of God, and that’s not true. God always forgives us, loves us, calls us. Neither is it a time of sadness; on the contrary, it is a time of celebration and being energized: we celebrate the fact that life is a meaningful struggle. We celebrate the fact the struggle , the overcoming of sin, is the work of God for us, and has a glorious end. We celebrate the fact that even though we commit errors, God is there to make up for them. And we celebrate all this looking up to Jesus, who had a life of difficulties and darkness like all of us, who died a disgraceful death because he was faithful to God, and who is alive and triumphant because he has reached the height, the first of all of us, the one who shows us that victory is possible.

   Five weeks, forty days till Easter. For forty years the Israelites journeyed through the desert: they were coming out of slavery, the Lord was leading them in the form of a column of light, the Lord went with them in the Tent, fed them with manna. They were going towards the Land, the fatherland. What a marvelous image of human life, full of trust in God, guide and strength for the way to the Fatherland!

   Who is it that has robbed us of the happiness of Advent and Lent? Who has reduced the message to penance before a God sitting in judgment? Why have we forgotten that what we celebrate is “GOD the LIBERATOR”? Who is it that has been left with only ashes and has forgotten that it is God who gives life to ashes? 



It is a summary of parts taken from Chapters 2 & 3. Its author (whom we call the “Yahwehist” because he calls God Yahweh) is taken up with the task of the creation of man and of his condition on earth. He sees that there is suffering and laborious work for the   human being. He sees, above all,  that there is a dangerous tendency to evil, to believe they are gods, to enjoy what they like against the law of God. And he builds up this precious story to express all this: his message is magnificent:

God has created the human being. The human being is a living element of the earth, like all others, but God has put in him his spirit, and has given him laws so he lives. The human being despises those laws, believing himself to be wiser than God, and thence come all his problems.

   Of course, this is the account of something that happened. Historically this is not how human life began, neither was there ever a Garden of Eden. It’s a story invented by the Yahwehist author to send us this magnificent message. The author isn’t interested in knowing out of scientific curiosity what happened a million years ago. He is interested in knowing what a human being is, and he expresses with this story, something fundamental about his faith: with God you have light and order; without God, chaos and misfortune. This will be one of the most important lines of argument of the whole book of Genesis and even of the whole Bible. 

 The Letter to the Romans 

Paul makes use of the text of Genesis and develops it. He accepts the symbol of Adam,the first man, and presents Jesus as the “new Adam”. From Jesus we receive new life, the life of sons. Adam symbolizes man subject to sin. Jesus is man, Son of God, who triumphs over sin. Through him, through Jesus, we can all be sons, conquer temptation, enter the Kingdom.

But this text is obscure. It seems to indicate that Paul was using the story of Genesis, taking it to be historical, or applying it as such. In short, it creates more problems than it solves. I suggest changing it for Romans 7,5.


The story contains much symbolism. It is possible that Jesus would retire, on this occasion and in many others, to the desert, to fast and pray. It was a habitual practice; it was so among Christians throughout history, and it continues to be so. The text shows us also that Jesus suffered temptations in his life; this confirmation of  the temptations of Jesus is very important to know him, and to build a proper Christology, in which the humanity may not seem a mere appearance.
   The story of the temptation is evidently “staged”. The most profound temptations of Jesus are presented in a single  story, the ones which he undoubtedly suffered in his spirit during his whole life. Jesus was tempted like any human being,  as was symbolized in the story of Genesis. Temptations to power, to use the Word for his own advantage, to serve the powers of the world... Jesus shows himself as the conqueror of temptation, able to conquer it to follow the Word and serve God alone.

   We are overwhelmed by the human reality of Jesus. He needs to pray , experiences temptations... This trend will culminate in various stories in which Jesus “retires to pray” or “spends almost entire nights in prayer”, and, of course, in the garden of Olives and in the vocal prayer with which he fights his abandonment on the cross.

   A significant fact: neither the temptations in the desert nor the anguish in Gethsemane are mentioned in the fourth Gospel. It would seem that in such circumstances Jesus would appear “too human” for the author.

   During forty days we portray the life and we illustrate it with the Word. Forty is the biblical number for human existence (400 years in Egypt, 40 years in the desert, forty days Elias spent on the road to Horeb...) It represents “a “provisional time”; this is only a way; on the way is the cross. On the horizon is the Resurrection, the Ascension, the freedom, the fullness.

   The first theme of our Lenten meditation is our human condition. We are sinners. At times we simplify this concept giving it the meaning of “we are guilty of disobeying God”. The meaning is more profound. Our condition of sinners means above all that we do not know to distinguish what is good for us, and that we feel strongly attracted to things which seem good to us but which spoil us. All this is included in the concept of  “temptation” .

The first temptation is to consider ourselves “gods”. Immediately after comes the second temptation: to live to satisfy our likings, to pay attention to only what we like. In this way, we make this life our final destination: making this life the most agreeable possible. Then we turn to  God to help us to make this so. And since God does not help us in this, we think “God does not hear us, God does not help me... there is no God.” The greatest temptation.
   It’s wonderful the way the author of Genesis represents all this. He has invented a story in which we feel ourselves portrayed. The irresistible attraction for what is forbidden, the suspicion that although forbidden it is not bad, to prefer what I think and feel to the Word of God... The author of Genesis is a wonderful writer; he knows how to create images that describe us perfectly; he is also a profound theologian. He has been able to give  a body to our condition as sinners.

   Quite often we have diminished these ideas and these stories by giving them a historico-juridical dimension. There was a first man, a first couple, who disobeyed God. Juridical dimension: God punished them, and now all of us their descendants  are paying the consequences. In short: our parents lost their riches and we are born disinherited. It is a sad caricature of the human condition. Our “original” sin does not lie in its historical origin. We call our human condition original sin, drawn by what does not suit us and deceived as to good and evil, which is the origin, the source of all our errors, of all our sins. The story of Genesis does not relate what happened, but represents the way we are, the most profound and obscure aspect of our human condition.

   And the Gospel shows that Jesus is one of us: subject to temptation, attracted by apparently good things. Jesus had many other temptations, and they appear in the Gospels. The most terrible one was, doubtless, the one of Holy Thursday, when he felt himself abandoned by his Father, the most bitter of all the temptations of the human being: “Are you there? Is it true there is a Father who takes care of my life? Is it true that all this makes sense?”

Jesus can conquer temptation. From “My God, my God, why have you abandoned me?”, Jesus can pass over to “Father, into your hands I commend my spirit.” He does so after a long period of prayer, of vocal prayer reciting psalm 22. God has not freed him from death, he has not taken away from him the  chalice of the Passion. But he has given him the strength and the light to carry the cross and to die.
 Jesus does not conquer death by escaping from it. Jesus does not use his powers to live well and escape daily life. Jesus makes of his life and his death a triumph of the Spirit, that is, Jesus conquers temptation, lives like a new man. Jesus, a man like us, but “a man full of the Spirit”. The power of the Spirit makes him truly man, a man as he ought to be. That is, that in Jesus we see the complete human situation : the human being burdened with weaknesses and obscurities... and full of the power of God which makes him conquer all that to fulfill the plan of God, which is liberation. Jesus is also a pilgrim and experiences the seductions and the terrors of the road. But the Spirit of God is with him.

A Christology “from above” would read this like Paul: he stripped himself of the divinity” (Philippians 2,7). “Made himself sin for us.” (2 Cor. 5.21).

The incarnation is not to be taken lightly: love is a force that tends to identify those who love each other. That is why the love of God makes him man, truly man, who assumes the human condition totally.

A Christology “from below” would read this like the Synoptics or the Acts: “who is this?” (Mt 8,28) Jesus of Nazareth was a man accredited by God to you ... handed over...   whom you have put to death ...God raised him from the dead and has received from the Father the Holy Spirit” (Acts 2,22...).

All this is presented well in the fragment of Paul. Everything is symbolic in the language of Paul. The kingdom of sin leads to death. The son of Adam is “the old man”, deceived and spoilt. Jesus is the First Born, the first of the “new Men”, who build their lives attentive to the Word, conquering temptation, overcoming sin that tries to seduce them. The language of Paul is very juridical, and seems to understand the story of Genesis as history. It is not true. Within it we ought to learn to understand the profound message. The relation of man with God cannot be reduced to a juridical plane of guilt-satisfaction-pardon. It is far more profound.
   So then, we have begun Lent with a consideration about our human condition as sinners. And we have been sent a most important first message: “sinners” does not mean “guilty”. It means we have to seek our life, and we are in danger of being mistaken, through error and because the deceits of the road attract us. The Word of God is profound when it defines the human being.

   The concept of sin is much more profound than the concept of “disobedience”. When God presents himself as Savior, Liberator, he does not present himself simply as a bland judge, but as Light so that we do not get lost, Bread and Water to journey with strength, Shepherd who leads the flock to good pastures, Doctor who heals when we fall sick, or are wounded as we journey... And all these images are far more profound and speak of the human being much better than our concepts of “guilt”. “redemption”,  “pardon”, which fall far short of and belittle the human being and his relationship with God.


1.     Allow yourself to be carried away by admiration. How magnificent is the author of Genesis, who knows the human being so well, and how well he speaks of God!  Two thousand nine hundred years ago, a man knew more about the human being and  sin than us. In his words we feel the Presence of the Spirit of God, we feel God speaking to us. Experience the Word in the very ancient texts and give thanks to God.


Contemplate Jesus on the pinnacle of the Temple, in the highest tower. Before the eyes of his imagination appears all the attraction of the world: kingdoms, power, pleasures, popularity, fame, glory. For a while feel the attraction of the “world”.

Contemplate Jesus: he smiles, he sees that all this is purely appearance. He does not allow himself to be deceived. And he descends from the Temple, and begins to journey along the roads preaching and healing. He has chosen well. Make an act of trust in him. Jesus knows how to live, Jesus knows how to overcome temptation, the very temptations that can spoil my life.


It is possible that many things bother and worry us. We have fears, doubts... Bring them to the Father, one by one, in a spirit of sonship.. WE are like a little child who is confiding in his Father. He always hears us. Ask him, shamelessly, all that we believe is good. And end with the words of Jesus: “ But not my will, but thine be done.” And give thanks to God, because we know that his will is done.


For all human beings tempted by the appearance of good, for all those who put all their efforts in enjoying this life as if nothing more existed.

For us, Christians, the Church, who have received so much light, who know Jesus but who have not succeeded in trusting him and continue to be tempted between  the seductive attraction of this world and trust in his Word.


King David desired a married woman, Bethsheba. To gain her, he had her husband killed. The prophet Nathan confronted him with his sin. In his repentance, David composed  this psalm, PSALM 50. We make it our own. We too feel we are sinners, the condition of sinners weighs on us. With the words of David, we ask God for liberation.

Psalm 50 Have mercy on me, O God, in your kindness blot out my sins.